Broadcast Skills

How to write a factual proposal

How do the visual techniques used in a media production create meaning for the audience and help convey the story? (e.g. How  does a ‘Point Of View’ (POV) shot encourage audiences to identify with characters or situations? In what way does it produce a degree of realism?)

Camera techniques to examine are:

  •  Shot sizes – (eg. L.S. = Long Shot)
  •  Camera angles (eg. Low Angle is looking up at subject)
  •  Camera movement (eg. Tracking shot)
  •  Framing & Composition – (Position of action within the frame)
  •  Depth of Focus – (‘Depth of field’ of the shot ie.: What is sharp in focus and what is soft and out of focus). Compare ‘Deep Focus’ Vs ‘Shallow Focus’.

Lighting techniques to examine include:

  • Use of 3 point lighting set up – (Key Light, Fill Light & Back Light).
  • Use of Low-key lighting – (Typically uses only one Key light, which emphasises the shape of an object by throwing areas into deep shade and most commonly used in film noir and horror genres).
  • Use of Ambient lighting – (Available light eg. Shooting EXT. with just daylight).
  • Artificial lighting – (Use of not only studio/location lights, but also incidental lighting in the mise-en-scene, eg. candles; desk lamps; street lights)
  • Hard/Soft Lighting – (Difference in intensity of the lighting).
  • Flare – (The reflection of light into the camera lens; Creates bright spots and streaks of light. Flares are often used creatively to ‘enhance’ a shot.

Editing techniques to examine include:

  • Master shot (Usually a wide shot)
  • Insert edit – (Inserts additional shots covered within in the master shot but using different shot sizes and angles such as a C/U etc.).
  • Cutaway – (Has several uses: a) Shows what the character is looking at e.g. Their view through a window.  b) To conceal the deletion of an unwanted part of the shot. c) To allow the joining of different parts of two versions of that shot, e.g. Take 1 and take 2).
  • Cross-cutting – (Action occurring at the same time usually in two different locations. Often used to suggest both actions are happening simultaneously).
  • Slow/Fast cutting – (Used to adjust the pace, feel and tension of a sequence).
  • Point 0f View (POV) – (Characters view point)
  • Montage sequence – Series of shots edited into a sequence, usually used to suggest the passage of time.
  • Composited/Keyed shots – (Chroma Key i.e.: Green screen)
  • Slow Motion – (Slowing down the action, usually to emphasise a dramatic moment).
  • Timelapse – (Speeding up the action. Usually done on slow moving action eg. From sunrise to sunset).

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s